Artificial Intelligence is a field that has turned out be a dominant part of the latest world-leading technologies. The knowledge of AI has been applied in every field making our lives easier. Industries and the cities are operating smoothly with the application of AI technology. But these knowledge poses a great danger if it falls into the wrong hands. Experts highlight huge potential the technology has when applied in science, medical research, and application in businesses. Although the technology is beneficial, some people argue that the technology will greatly compromise ethical, social and political factors if its production is not regulated.
The benefits of Artificial intelligence might be diminished in a GM-style backlash. Professor Dame Wendy Hall from Southampton University said that the AI had the potential to contribute 630bn to the economy by 2035 British economy by 2035, but this would be realized if it benefits the society. It is involved in every part of the infrastructure, but the questions concerning the issues when machines learn to perform by themselves must be answered. It turns out the manufactures of this technology have a huge responsibility to maintain ethical and safety concerns when developing these machines. The standards and requirements for regulating the technology must be put in place.
Cate Crawford from the University of New York stated that there is need to have experts and well-informed researchers who will be able to keep an eye on this technology. Modern AI can make decisions, and if their datasets have biases, the AIs keep repeating the biases. There have been several cases where a computer used to interpret languages displayed racial and gender biases. They tend to be built favoring the average white man, not recognizing women voices and depicting Africans as Gorillas.
There are more concerns on poorly tested AIs that had led to disasters like in the case where a driver died when the autopilot failed to see an oncoming truck. Tesla was criticized for releasing a system that lacked proper safety measures where the company's CEO is always at the frontline advocating for safety and regulations concerns. Sir Mark Walport suggested that the same way we have limits on how far we can influence the people, there must be limits on how the technology is allowed to manipulate people. He warned that even the smallest scale of manipulation could lead to huge disasters.
Leading AI researchers from various departments expressed concerns to the House of Lords AI committee warning that insufficient regulation might cause a backlash as we have seen in GMOs and what would happen if a fatal accident happens or the AI processes run out of control. The only benefit will rise from the AIs that help the society and if a small disruption can create a massive civil unrest, what would happen in large scale misconduct. There is an increasing inequality driven by the AIs from a small group of companies whose their only concern is making huge profits.
The immense growth of AI technology has led to the need of qualified experts. The Ph.D. students and postdoctoral researchers are being approached every by high tech companies offering to fund them a substantial sum of money more than five times those in academia. Academia counterparts are fear that they might lose the talented generation who would have driven research and teaching the young generation. The solution to this scenario is proper regulation of the AI technology and working in real time towards detecting anything that might go wrong and take the necessary measures as early as possible. We don't want a scenario where companies manufacturing and those operating the AI systems blaming each other and denying to take responsibility in case of mistakes occur. The AI provides the intellectual power to perform more ambitious things, and this could lead to more disasters which must be prevented at all cost.